National Medical Commission has recently released the latest NEET UG Chemistry Syllabus for NEET UG 2023 Examination. Applicants of the National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test must be familiar with the latest NEET UG 2023 Chemistry Syllabus to score good marks in the NEET Exam. Check the topic-wise Chemistry syllabus for the NEET Undergraduate exam.
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NEET UG Chemistry Syllabus 2023 Overview
Candidates first check all chemistry chapters asked in NEET UG Exam. In the below table, all important chapter of NEET UG Chemistry Syllabus 2023 is mentioned.
|Chemistry Syllabus of class 11th||Chemistry Syllabus of class 12th|
|1. Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry||1. Solid State|
|2. Structure of Atom||2. Solutions|
|3. Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties||3. Electrochemistry|
|4. Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure||4. Chemical Kinetics|
|5. States of Matter: Gases and Liquids||5. Surface Chemistry|
|6. Thermodynamics||6. General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements|
|7. Equilibrium||7. p-block Elements|
|8. Redox Reaction||8. d and f Block Elements|
|9. Hydrogen||9. Coordination Compounds|
|10. s-Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals)||10. Haloalkanes and Haloarenes|
|11. Some p-Block Elements||11. Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers|
|12. Organic Chemistry – Some Basic Principals and Techniques||12. Aldehydes, Ketones, and Carboxylic Acids|
|13. Hydrocarbons||13. Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen|
|14. Environmental Chemistry||14. Biomolecules|
|16. Chemistry in Everyday Life|
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NEET UG Syllabus 2023: Chemistry Topic-Wise
Content of NEET UG Chemistry Class 11 Syllabus 2023
UNIT I: Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry
- General Introduction: Important and scope of chemistry.
- Laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory: the concept of elements, atoms, and molecules.
- Atomic and molecular masses. Mole concept and molar mass; percentage composition and empirical and molecular formula; chemical reactions, stoichiometry, and calculations based on stoichiometry.
Unit II: Structure of Atom
Atomic numbers, isotopes, and isobars. Concept of shells and subshells, Dual nature of matter and light, De Broglie’s relation, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, Concept of orbital, Quantum numbers, Shapes of s, p, and d orbitals, Rules for filling electrons in orbitals- Aufbau principle, Pauli’s exclusion principle, and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of atoms, stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals.
Unit III: Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties
Modern periodic law and the long form of the periodic table, periodic trends in properties of elements, atomic radius, ionic radius, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, electronegativity, and valence.
Unit IV: Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
Valence electrons, Ionic bond, Covalent bond, Bond parameter, Lewis structure, Polar character of covalent bond, Valence bond theory, Resonance, Geometry of molecules, VSEPR theory, Concept of hybridization which includes s, p, and d orbitals and shape are some Molecular orbital theory of simple molecules, homonuclear diatomic molecules (qualitative idea only). Hydrogen bonding.
Unit V: States of Matter: Gases and Liquids
Three states of matter, Intermolecular interactions, Types of bonding, Melting and boiling points, Role of gas laws to explain the concept of the molecule, Boyle’s law, Charlie’s law, Gay-Lussac’s law, Avogadro’s law, Ideal of gases Behaviour, empirical derivation of the gas equation. Avogadro’s number, ideal gas equation. Kinetic energy and molecular motion (elementary idea), deviation from ideal behavior, Liquefaction of gases, critical temperature.
Liquid state- vapor pressure, viscosity, and surface tension (qualitative idea only, no mathematical derivation).
Unit VI: Thermodynamics
The first law of thermodynamics- Internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity and specific heat, measurement of U and H, Hess’s law of constant heat addition, enthalpy of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, ionization, solution, and dilution.
Introduction to entropy as a state function, the second law of thermodynamics, Gibbs energy change for spontaneous and non-spontaneous process, criteria for equilibrium and spontaneity.
Third law of thermodynamics – a brief introduction.
Unit VII: Equilibrium
Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes, dynamic nature of equilibrium, the law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constant, factors affecting equilibrium- Le Chatelier’s principle; Ionic equilibrium- ionization of acids and bases, strong and weak electrolytes, degree of ionization, ionization of polybasic acids, the strength of acids, the concept of pH., hydrolysis of salts (elementary idea). Buffer solutions, Henderson equation, Solubility products. Common ion effect (with examples).
Unit VIII: Redox Reactions
Concept of oxidation and oxidation and reduction, balancing redox reactions with reference to redox reaction oxidation number, loss and gain of the electron, and change in oxidation number.
Unit IX: Hydrogen
Presence, isotopes, preparation, properties, and uses of hydrogen; Ionic, covalent and interstitial hydrides; physical and chemical properties of water, heavy water; Preparation, Reactions, Uses, and Structure of Hydrogen Peroxide:
UNIT X: s-Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline earth metals)
- Group I and group 2 elements:
- General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationship, trends in the variation of properties (such as ionization enthalpy, atomic and ionic radii), trends in chemical reactivity with oxygen, water, hydrogen, and halogens; uses.
- Preparation and Properties of Some important Compounds:
- Sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide & sodium hydrogen carbonate, biological importance of sodium and potassium.
- Industrial use of lime and limestone, biological importance of Mg and Ca.
UNIT XI: Some p-Block Elements
- General Introduction to p-Block Elements.
- Group 13 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous properties of the first element of the group; Boron, some important compounds: borax, boric acids, boron hydrides. Aluminum: uses, reactions with acids and alkalies.
- General 14 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous behavior of the first element. Carbon, allotropic forms, physical and chemical properties: uses of some important compounds: oxides.
- Important compounds of silicon and a few uses: silicon tetrachloride, silicones, silicates, and zeolites, their uses.
UNIT XII: Organic Chemistry- Some Basic Principles and Techniques
- General introduction, methods of purification qualitative and quantitative analysis, classification, and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds.
- Electronic displacements in a covalent bond: inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance, and hyperconjugation.
- Homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond: free radials, carbocations, carbanions; electrophiles and nucleophiles, types of organic reactions.
UNIT XIII: Hydrocarbons
- Alkanes- Nomenclature, isomerism, conformations (ethane only), physical properties, chemical reactions including free radical mechanism of halogenation, combustion, and pyrolysis.
- Alkanes-Nomenclature, the structure of double bond (ethene), geometrical isomerism, physical properties, methods of preparation: chemical reactions: addition of hydrogen, halogen, water, hydrogen halides (Markovnikov’s addition and peroxide effect), ozonolysis, oxidation, mechanism of electrophilic addition.
- Alkynes-Nomenclature, the structure of triple bond (ethyne), physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions: acidic character of alkynes, addition reaction of- hydrogen, halogens, hydrogen halides, and water.
- Aromatic hydrocarbons- Introduction, IUPAC nomenclature; Benzene; resonance, aromaticity; chemical properties: mechanism of electrophilic substitution-Nitration sulphonation, halogenation, Friedel Craft’s alkylation & acylation; directive influence of the functional group in mono-substituted benzene; carcinogenicity and toxicity.
UNIT XIV: Environmental Chemistry
Environmental pollution: Air, water, and soil pollution, chemical reactions in the atmosphere, smogs, major atmospheric pollutants; acid rain ozone and its reactions, effects of depletion of the ozone layer, greenhouse effect, and global warming-pollution due to industrial wastes; green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution, strategy for control of environmental pollution.
Content of NEET UG Chemistry Class 12 Syllabus 2023
UNIT I: Solid State
Classification of solids based on different binding forces; molecular, ionic covalent & metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea), unit cell in two-dimensional and three-dimensional lattices, calculation of density of unit cell, packing in solids, packing efficiency, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects, electrical and magnetic properties, Band theory of metals, conductors, semiconductors & insulators.
UNIT II: Solutions
Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, the solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, colligative properties- the relative lowering of vapor pressure, Raoult’s law, the elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties abnormal molecular mass. Van Hoff factor.
UNIT III: Electrochemistry
Redox reactions, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity variation of conductivity with concentration, kohlrausch’s Law, electrolysis and Laws of electrolysis (elementary idea), dry cell- electrolytic cells and Galvanic cells; lead accumulator, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, Relation between Gibbs energy change and EMF of a cell, fuel cells; corrosion.
UNIT IV: Chemical Kinetics
Rate of a reaction (average and instantaneous), factors affecting rates of reaction; concentration, temperature, catalyst; order and molecularity of a reaction; rate law and specific rate constant, integrated rate equations, and half-life (only for zero and first order reactions); the concept of collision theory ( elementary idea, no mathematical treatment). Activation energy, Arrhenius equation.
UNIT V: Surface Chemistry
Adsorption-physisorption and chemisorption; factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids, catalysis homogeneous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity: enzyme catalysis; colloidal state: the distinction between true solutions, colloids & suspensions; lyophilic, lyophobic multimolecular and macromolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation; emulsions- types of emulsions.
UNIT VI: General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
Principles and methods of extraction- concentration, oxidation, reduction electrolytic method, and refining; occurrence and principles of extraction of aluminum, copper, zinc, and iron.
UNIT VII: p- Block Elements
- Group 15 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, trends in physical and chemical properties; preparation and properties of ammonia and nitric acid, oxides of nitrogen (structure only); Phosphorous- allotropic forms; compounds of phosphorous: preparation and properties of phosphine, halides (PCI3, PCI5) and oxoacids (elementary idea only).
- Group 16 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; dioxygen: preparation, properties, and uses; classification of oxides; ozone. Sulfur – allotropic forms; compounds of sulfur: preparation, preparation, properties & uses of sulfur dioxide; sulphuric acid: industrial process of manufacture, properties & uses, oxoacids of sulfur (structures only).
- Group 17 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; compounds of halogens: preparation, properties & uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid, interhalogen compounds oxoacids of halogens (structures only).
- Group 18 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, and uses.
UNIT VIII: d and f Block Elements
- General introduction, electronic configuration, characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the first-row transition metals- metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, color, catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation. Preparation and properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4.
- Lanthanoids- electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity, and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences.
- Actinoids: Electronic configuration, oxidation states, and comparison with lanthanoids.
UNIT IX: Coordination Compounds
Coordination compounds: Introduction, ligands, coordination number, color, magnetic properties and shapes, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism (structural and stereo) bonding, Werner’s theory VBT, CFT; the importance of coordination & compounds (in qualitative analysis, biological systems).
UNIT X: Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
- Haloalkanes: Nomenclature, nature of C –X bond, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions. Optical rotation.
- Haloarenes: Nature of C-X bond, substitution reactions (directive influence of halogen for monosubstituted compounds only).
- Uses and environmental effects of – dichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT.
UNIT XI: Alcohols, Phenols & Ethers
- Alcohols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only); identification of primary, secondary, and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration, uses with special reference to methanol and ethanol.
- Phenols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophilic substitution reactions, uses of phenols.
- Ethers: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties uses.
UNIT XII: Aldehydes, Ketones & Carboxylic Acids
- Aldehydes and Ketones: Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; mechanism of nucleophilic addition, the reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes; uses.
- Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; uses.
UNIT XIII: Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
- Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses, and identification of primary secondary & tertiary amines.
- Cyanides and Isocyanides- will be mentioned at relevant places.
- Diazonium salts: Preparation, chemical reactions and importance in synthetic organic chemistry.
UNIT XIV: Biomolecules
- Carbohydrates- Classification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccharide (glucose and fructose), D.L. configuration, oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen): importance.
- Proteins- Elementary idea of – amino acids, peptide bonds, polypeptides, proteins, primary structure, secondary structure, tertiary structure & quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins; enzymes.
- Hormones- Elementary idea (excluding structure).
- Vitamins- Classification and function.
- Nucleic Acids: DNA and RN
UNIT XV: Polymers
Classification- Natural and synthetic, methods of polymerization (addition and condensation), copolymerization. Some important polymers: are natural and synthetic like polyesters, bakelite; rubber, and Biodegradable and non-biodegradable polymers.
UNIT XVI: Chemistry in Everyday Life
- Chemicals in medicines- analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, and antihistamines.
- Chemicals in food- preservatives, artificial sweetening agents, elementary idea of antioxidants.
- Cleansing agents- soaps and detergents, cleansing action
NEET UG Chemistry Syllabus 2023 PDF
Candidates can download NEET UG Chemistry Syllabus 2023 from the official website of NEET at neet.nta.nic.in or the direct link given in the article. Aspirants first download the Information Bulletin of NEET UG 2023 through the link given below. Now, candidates open the pdf file and go to page number 68, NEET UG Chemistry Syllabus will display on page number 68.
NEET UG Chemistry Syllabus 2023/Information Bulletin: Click here
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