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CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus 2023-24 PDF Download

Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) will release soon the latest CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus 2023-24. This latest CBSE Physics Syllabus 2023-24 Class 12 is beneficial for CBSE Board Exam 2024. All important topics related to CBSE Class 12th Physics Syllabus 2023-24 are discussed in this article. We also provide the direct link to download the latest CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus 2023-24 PDF.

Students of class 12 can download the new CBSE Physics Syllabus 2023-24 through the official website of CBSE at or or the direct link is given below. After downloading this latest maths syllabus the student should go through all the topics thoroughly.

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The senior secondary stage of schooling is a phase of transition from general education to a discipline-based focus on the Curriculum. The current updated curriculum takes into account the rigor and depth of the disciplinary approach as well as the level of understanding of the learners. Care has also been taken that the curriculum is at par with international standards. Key features of the course include:

  • Emphasis on basic conceptual understanding of the material.
  • Emphasis on the use of SI units, symbols, the nomenclature of physical quantities, and formulations as per international standards.
  • To provide logical sequencing of the units of content and proper placement of concepts with their associations for better learning.
  • Reducing syllabus load by eliminating overlapping of concepts/content within the discipline and other disciplines.
  • To promote process skills, problem-solving abilities, and applications of physics concepts.

CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus 2023-24 Overview

This year also it is expected to remain the same syllabus. If there is any change in the syllabus then it will be updated in this blog post.

Unit No.Chapter NameMarks
Unit IElectrostatics (26 Periods)
Chapter–1: Electric Charges and Fields
Chapter–2: Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance
Unit IICurrent Electricity (18 Periods)
Chapter–3: Current Electricity
Unit I + Unit II = 16 Marks
Unit IIIMagnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism (25 Periods)
Chapter–4: Moving Charges and Magnetism
Chapter–5: Magnetism and Matter
Unit IVElectromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents (24 Periods)
Chapter–6: Electromagnetic Induction
Chapter–7: Alternating Current
Unit III + Unit IV = 17 Marks
Unit VElectromagnetic Waves (4 Periods)
Chapter–8: Electromagnetic Waves
Unit VIOptics (30 Periods)
Chapter–9: Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
Chapter–10: Wave Optics
Unit V + Unit VI = 18 Marks
Unit VIIDual Nature of Radiation and Matter (8 Periods)
Chapter–11: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
Unit VIIIAtoms and Nuclei (15 Periods)
Chapter–12: Atoms
Chapter–13: Nuclei
Unit VII +Unit VIII = 12 Marks
Unit IXElectronic Devices (10 Periods)
Chapter–14: Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices, and Simple Circuits
7 Marks
Total70 Marks

CBSE Class 12th Syllabus 2023-24 in Details

Unit I: Electrosattics

Chapter–1: Electric Charges and Fields

Electric charges, Conservation of charge, Coulomb’s law force between two point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle, and continuous charge distribution.

Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines, electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole, torque on a dipole in the uniform electric field. Electric flux, statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to finding field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet, and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside).

Chapter–2: Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance

Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges; equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two-point charges, and of electric dipole in an electrostatic field.

Conductors and insulators, free charges, and bound charges inside a conductor. Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitors, and capacitance, a combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, the capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor (no derivation, formulae only).

Unit II: Current Electricity

Chapter–3: Current Electricity

Electric current, the flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity, mobility and their relation with electric current; Ohm’s law, V-I characteristics (linear and non-linear), electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity, and conductivity, the temperature dependence of resistance, Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, the combination of cells in series and in parallel, Kirchhoff’s rules, Wheatstone bridge.

Unit III: Magnetic Effect of Current and Magnetism

Chapter–4: Moving Charges and Magnetism

Concept of the magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment. Biot – Savart law and its application to the current carrying circular loop.

Ampere’s law and its applications to an infinitely long straight wire. Straight solenoid (only qualitative treatment), force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields.

Also Read: CBSE Class 10 Syllabus 2023-24

Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field, the force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of the ampere, torque experienced by a current loop in the uniform magnetic field; Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment, moving coil galvanometers current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.

Chapter–5: Magnetism and Matter

Bar magnet, bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid (qualitative treatment only), magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along with its axis and perpendicular to its axis (qualitative treatment only), torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field (qualitative treatment only), magnetic field lines.

Magnetic properties of materials- Para-, dia- and ferromagnetic substances with examples, Magnetization of materials, the effect of the temperature on magnetic properties.

Unit IV: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents

Chapter–6: Electromagnetic Induction

Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s laws, induced EMF and current; Lenz’s Law, Self, and mutual induction.

Chapter–7: Alternating Current

Alternating currents, peak and RMS value of alternating current/voltage; reactance and impedance; LCR series circuit (phasors only), resonance, power in AC circuits, power factor, wattless current, AC generator, Transformer.

Unit V: Electromagnetic Waves

Chapter–8: Electromagnetic Waves

The basic idea of displacement current, Electromagnetic waves, their characteristics, and their transverse nature (qualitative idea only). The electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X-rays, gamma rays) includes elementary facts about their uses.

Unit VI: Optics

Chapter–9: Ray Optics and Optical Instruments

Ray Optics: Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula, refraction of light, total internal reflection and optical fibers, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lens maker’s formula, magnification, power of a lens, the combination of thin lenses in contact, refraction of light through a prism.

Optical instruments: Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.

Chapter–10: Wave Optics

Wave optics: Wavefront and Huygens principle, reflection, and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wavefronts. Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens principle. Interference, Young’s double-slit experiment and expression for fringe width (No derivation final expression only), coherent sources and sustained interference of light, diffraction due to a single slit, and width of central maxima (qualitative treatment only).

Unit VII: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter

Chapter–11: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter

Dual nature of radiation, Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s
observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation-particle nature of light. Experimental study of the photoelectric effect. Matter waves-wave nature of particles, de-Broglie relation.

Unit VIII: Atom and Nuclei

Chapter–12: Atoms

Alpha-particle scattering experiment; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model of the hydrogen atom, Expression for the radius of the nth possible orbit, velocity, and energy of the electron in his orbit, of hydrogen line spectra (qualitative treatment only).

Chapter–13: Nuclei

Composition and size of nucleus, nuclear force Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number; nuclear fission, nuclear fusion.

Unit IX: Electronic Devices

Chapter–14: Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices, and Simple

Circuits: Energy bands in conductors, semiconductors, and insulators (qualitative ideas only) Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors- p and n-type, p-n junction.

Semiconductor diode – I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, application of junction diode -diode as a rectifier.

CBSE Class 12 Physics Practical Syllabus 2022-23 (Total Periods 60)

The record to be submitted by the students at the time of their annual examination has to include:

  • Record of at least 8 Experiments [with 4 from each section], to be performed by the students.
  • Record at least 6 Activities [with 3 each from section A and section B], to be performed by the students.
  • The Report of the project carried out by the students.

Evaluation Scheme of CBSE Class 12 Practical Exam 2024

Two experiments one from each section7 + 7 Marks
Practical Records [experiments and activity]5 Marks
One activity from any section3 Marks
Investigatory Project3 Marks
Viva on experiments, activities, and projects5 Marks
Total30 Marks

For More Details regarding CBSE Class 12 Physics New Syllabus 2022-23 and CBSE Class 12 Practical Syllabus 2022-23 then download the PDF of CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus 2022-23 given below.

CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus PDF

Also Download: CBSE Class 12 Syllabus All Subject PDF

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My Name is Mukesh Kumar. I am a Teacher, Blogger, Educational Content Writer, and Founder of CBSE Digital Education.

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