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CBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus 2023-24 (Updated) PDF Download

Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) releases the latest CBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus 2023-24. This latest CBSE Physics Syllabus 2023-24 Class 11 is beneficial for CBSE Board Exam 2023. All important topics related to CBSE Class 11th Physics Syllabus 2023-24 are discussed in this article. We also provide the direct link to download CBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus 2024-24 PDF.

Students of class 11 can download the new CBSE Physics Syllabus 2023-24 through the official website of CBSE at or or the direct link is given below. After downloading this latest maths syllabus the student should go through all the topics thoroughly.

Also Read: CBSE Class 12 Syllabus 2023-24 PDF

The senior secondary stage of schooling is a phase of transition from general education to a discipline-based focus on the Curriculum. The current updated curriculum takes into account the rigour and depth of the disciplinary approach as well as the level of understanding of the learners. Care has also been taken that the curriculum is at par with international standards. Key features of the course include:

  • Emphasis on basic conceptual understanding of the material.
  • Emphasis on the use of SI units, symbols, the nomenclature of physical quantities, and formulations as per international standards.
  • To provide logical sequencing of the units of content and proper placement of concepts with their associations for better learning.
  • Reducing syllabus load by eliminating overlapping of concepts/content within the discipline and other disciplines.
  • To promote process skills, problem-solving abilities, and applications of physics concepts.

CBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus 2023-24 in Details

Unit I: Physical World and Measurements (8 Periods)

Chapter–2: Units and Measurements

Need for measurement: Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units, fundamental and derived units. significant figures. Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis, and its applications.

Unit II: Kinematics (24 Periods)

Chapter–3: Motion in a Straight Line

The frame of reference, Motion in a straight line, Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion, uniform and non-uniform motion, instantaneous velocity, uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time, and position-time graphs. Relations for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment).

Chapter–4: Motion in a Plane

Scalar and vector quantities; Position and displacement vectors, general vectors and their notations; equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number; addition and subtraction of vectors, Unit vector; Resolution of a vector in a plane, rectangular components, Scalar and Vector product of vectors.

Motion in a plane, cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration projectile motion, uniform circular motion.

Unit III: Laws of Motion (14 Periods)

Chapter–5: Laws of Motion

Intuitive concept of force, Inertia, Newton’s first law of motion; momentum and Newton’s second law of motion; impulse; Newton’s third law of motion.
Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications.

Equilibrium of concurrent forces, Static and kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction, lubrication.

Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force, examples of circular motion (vehicle on a level circular road, vehicle on a banked road)

Unit IV: Work, Energy, Power (14 Periods)

Chapter–6: Work, Energy, and Power

Work is done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic energy, work-energy theorem, and power.

The notion of potential energy, the potential energy of a spring, conservative forces: non-conservative forces, motion in a vertical circle; elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.

Unit V: Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body

Chapter–7: System of Particles and Rotational Motion

Centre of mass of a two-particle system, momentum conservation and Centre of mass motion. Centre of mass of a rigid body; centre of mass of a uniform rod.

Moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, law of conservation of angular momentum and its applications.

Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equations of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational motions.

Moment of inertia, the radius of gyration, and values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects (no derivation).

Unit VI: Gravitation (12 Periods)

Chapter–8: Gravitation

Kepler’s laws of planetary motion, the universal law of gravitation.
Acceleration is due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth. Gravitational potential energy and gravitational potential, escape velocity, orbital velocity of a satellite.

Unit VII: Properties of Bulk Matter (24 Periods)

Chapter–9: Mechanical Properties of Solids

Elasticity, Stress-strain relationship, Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, shear modulus of rigidity (qualitative idea only), Poisson’s ratio; elastic energy.

Chapter–10: Mechanical Properties of Fluids

Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal’s law and its applications (hydraulic lift and hydraulic brakes), the effect of gravity on fluid pressure. Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, streamlined and turbulent flow, critical velocity, Bernoulli’s theorem, and its simple applications. Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure across a curved surface, application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles, and capillary rise.

Chapter 11: Thermal Properties of Matter

Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; thermal expansion of solids, liquids, and gases, anomalous expansion of water; specific heat capacity; Cp, Cv – calorimetry; change of state – latent heat capacity.

Heat transfer-conduction, convection, and radiation, thermal conductivity, qualitative ideas of Blackbody radiation, Wein’s displacement Law, and Stefan’s law.

Unit VIII: Thermodynamics

Chapter 12: Thermodynamics (12 Periods)

Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature zeroth law of
thermodynamics, heat, work, and internal energy. The first law of thermodynamics, Second law of thermodynamics: gaseous state of matter, change of condition of gaseous state -isothermal, adiabatic, reversible, irreversible, and cyclic processes.

Unit IX: Behaviour of Perfect Gases and Kinetic Theory of Gas (8 Periods)

Chapter–13: Kinetic Theory

Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done in compressing a gas. Kinetic theory of gases – assumptions, the concept of pressure. Kinetic interpretation of temperature; RMS speed of gas molecules; degrees of freedom, the law of equipartition of energy (statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases; the concept of the mean free path, Avogadro’s number.

Unit X: Oscillations and Waves (26 Periods)

Chapter–14: Oscillations

Periodic motion – period, frequency, displacement as a function of time, periodic functions, and their application.

Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M) and its equations of motion; phase; oscillations of a loaded spring- restoring force and force constant; energy in S.H.M. Kinetic and potential energies; simple pendulum derivation of expression for its period.

Chapter–15: Waves

Wave motion: Transverse and longitudinal waves, speed of the travelling wave, displacement relation for a progressive wave, principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats.

CBSE Class 11 Physics Practicals (60 Periods)

The record, to be submitted by the students, at the time of their annual examination, has to include:

• Record at least 8 Experiments [with 4 from each section], to be performed by the students.
• Record at least 6 Activities [with 3 each from section A and section B], to be performed by the students.
• Report on the project carried out by the students.

Evaluation Scheme of Physics Practical (3 hours/30 Marks)

  • Two experiments one from each section = 7+7 marks
  • Practical record (experiment and activities) = 5 marks
  • One activity from any section = 3 marks
  • Investigatory Project = 3 marks
  • Viva on experiments, activities, and projects = 5 marks

Prescribed Books for Physics Class 11 Board Exam 2024

  1. Physics Part-I, Textbook for Class XI, Published by NCERT
  2. Physics Part-II, Textbook for Class XI, Published by NCERT
  3. Laboratory Manual of Physics, Class XI Published by NCERT
  4. The list of other related books and manuals brought out by NCERT (consider multimedia also).

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My Name is Mukesh Kumar. I am a Teacher, Blogger, Educational Content Writer, and Founder of CBSE Digital Education.

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